If you have a clear picture of Rome already; then, you will surely be interested as well to know something about the Roman government. Even if you do not dwell in Rome, it will be clever to orient yourself as to what kind of government they have and as to how their government operates—especially during the past.
Essentially, the Roman government was then considered as bicameral since this is composed of two houses—upper house and lower house. The former is composed of the nobles in the state; the latter on the other hand is composed of popular tribunes.
Actually, same thing can be viewed to the Constitution of the United States. Their Congress was organized with the Senate and the President. And the people are always electing the members of the lower house of Congress, which is the House of Representatives.
So if you will see, the ancient government model of Romans has created an influence to other nations as well. In fact, even the legislative bodies of Canada picture the same form of government; Great Britain has the same bicameral legislature too. Often, other nations only use other names such as Great Britain, which term its upper house as the House of Lords.
Meanwhile, the Roman government bodies were ruled by a king when it was still a monarchy, from c. 753 to 509 B.C. However, their Etruscan kings were expelled when the Republic was established in 509 B.C. Romans decided to have a mixed form of government, which is composed of three branches, after they have observed the problems of monarchy including aristocracy and democracy.
The three branches of Roman government are the following:
Consuls: The Roman Government’s Monarchial Branch
This is made up of two consuls or magistrates with absolute civil and military power in Republican Rome. They normally stay at the office for a year; and then become senators for the rest of their lives. Every consul is privileged to lead the army, act as a judge, perform religious responsibilities, and sanction the other.
Senate: The Roman Government’s Aristocratic Branch
Since senatus means council of elders, senate served as the Roman government’s advisory branch. Senate is actually composed of almost 300 citizens who stay in the position for the rest of their lives. The positions of the Senate were originally taken from former consuls and other officials who are serving for life.
Assembly: The Roman Government’s Democratic Branch
There were actually two assemblies—the Assembly of Centuries and the Assembly of Tribes. The Assembly of Centuries was composed of the elected consuls and the entire members of the army. Meanwhile, the Assembly of Tribes was composed of the entire citizens who approved and rejected laws.
There are actually a lot more things you can learn about the Ancient Roman government such as its former rulers and how they created an influence to the contemporary government of Romans as well as to other nations. If you want to know more about these facts, all you have to do is go to the sites that feature reliable facts about the ancient Rome if you don’t want to invest an amount on expensive books.